Louis Hebert 1575 – Jan 1627 & Marie Rollet abt 1577 – May 1649 are to Quebec history what Adam and Eve are to the Bible. These ancestors are my 10x great grandparents on my maternal line.
Being the “first family” of New France, later known as Quebec, Louis and Marie are the essence of Canadian history 101. My biographical posts are not meant to be comprehensive analyses but rather a glimpse into their lives to elicit further inquiry by their descendants and other interested parties.
Since Louis and Marie are so very famous there are numerous articles, videos and information on the internet about them. There is a statue commemorating them located at Parc Montmorency, Quebec City overlooking the St. Lawrence River. I am related to many people through these ancestors, a few of the more famous being Edgar Degas, Hillary Rodham Clinton and Celine Dion.
Louis Hebert and Marie Rollet were married on 19 Feb 1601 at the Church of Saint-Sulpice in Paris, France. It was in France that the couple had their three children Guillaume, Guillaumette and Anne. Louis was involved in two expeditions to the New World in 1606 and 1611 with Jean de Biencourt de Poutrincourt and Samuel de Champlain to Port Royal, Acadia, a colony of New France, which is now known as Nova Scotia.
Louis Hebert was a horticulturist and pharmacist earning his title of Master of Apothecary in 1603. Eventually Louis was asked to settle in Quebec City with his family so France could begin to establish themselves on the new continent.
On 11 Mar 1617 Louis, Marie and family boarded the ship called Saint-Etienne at the port of Honfleur, France. Louis was offered a contract of two years and pay of 300 livres to provide apothecary, medical services and farming techniques to the French colonists, trappers and indigenous people. Marie became the first school teacher in Canada as she was a literate woman. She taught her own children as well as educating the indigenous children in the care of the Jesuits.
On ten acres in what would become Quebec City together this couple cleared land by hand, planted their crops and tended to the medical needs of the colonists and indigenous people. Louis earned the honors of many firsts in Canada. He was the first white settler, the first to cultivate the land, the first Canadian seignior (noble man holding a land grant) and the first Officer of Justice in New France.
Louis Hebert died on 25 Jan 1627 from injuries he sustained from a fall on the ice. Two years later Marie remarried to Guillaume Hubou and died 20 years later in 1649. The 400th anniversary of their arrival was commemorated in 2017 at which Louis Hebert and Marie Rollet were designated as historical figures in Canada.
#LouisHebert #MarieRollet #Quebec #Canada #SortingBeans #52Ancestors